China to Remove Restrictions on Foreign Automotive Ownership
China has announced to fully allow overseas ownership of automotive companies in the country from January 1, 2022, according to a release by the country’s ministry of commerce and the National Development and Reform Commission, as reported by Forbes.
Since 1994, foreign companies looking to enter China’s automotive industry were required to set up as 50:50 joint venture (JV) with a local company to operate. Such as FAW-Volkswagen, SAIC-VW, Changan-Ford, SAIC-General Motors, GAC-Mitsubishi, FAW-Toyota, GAC-Toyota, BAIC-Benz, Dongfeng-Honda, GAC-Honda, BMW-Brilliance and Changan-Mazda.
The lifting of foreign-ownership limits will now allow overseas companies to have full ownership of automobile brands, freeing up investment in some of the biggest carmakers in the world. Additionally, foreign investors as previously, will no longer be limited to a maximum of two joint ventures in China
The latest move by the Chinese government comes a few years after it eased the maximum ownership rate to 70% in 2018, after which BMW largely took over its joint venture with Brilliance Auto Group. The same year, Tesla was given extraordinary permission to build a wholly owned factory. With this announcement, newer brands such as Rivian and Lucid will have access to the world’s largest passenger car market without having to find a local partner. Meanwhile, existing carmakers in the country can opt to take over their joint ventures completely, or their Chinese partners can withdraw from their JV.